News in the Mail: The Press, Post Office, and Public Information, 1700-1860s.  Contributions in American History, No. 138.  New York: Greenwood Press, 1989.  Pp. xii+209.

Articles and Book Chapters

"Electrifying News! Journalists, Audiences, and the Culture of Timeliness in the United States, 1840-1920," Time & Society (in press). Online before publication.  [Abstract, keywords, outline]

"Regulating Timeliness: Technologies, Laws, and the News, 1840-1970," Journalism & Communication Monographs 17 (March 2015): 5-83.  [Abstract, keywords, outline]

"AT&T's Antigovernment Lesson-Drawing in the Political Economy of Networks, 1905-20," History of Political Economy 41 (Winter 2009): 673-708.  [Article pdf, abstract, keywords]

“Testing the Boundaries of Postal Enterprise in the U.S. Free-Market Economy, 1880-1920,” in More Than Words: Readings in Transport, Communication and the History of Postal Communication, ed. John Willis (Gatineau, Quebec: Canadian Museum of Civilization, 2007), 85-100.  [Article pdf]

“The Law and Mob Law in Attacks on Antislavery Newspapers, 1833-1860,” Law and History Review 24 (Fall 2006): 559-600. [Article html and pdf]

“Preserving Universal Postal Service as a Communication Safety Net: A Policy History and Proposal,” Seton Hall Legislative Journal 30 (no. 2, 2006): 383-436.  [Article pdf, abstract, keywords]

“The Role of News Leaks in Governance and the Law of Journalists’ Confidentiality, 1795-2005,” San Diego Law Review 43 (Summer 2006): 425-94.

Richard Kielbowicz and Linda Lawson, “Unmasking Hidden Commercials in Broadcasting: Origins of the Sponsorship Identification Regulations, 1927-1963,” Federal Communications Law Journal 56 (March 2004): 329-76.  [Article pdf]

Editor, “Regulating the Internet: EU and US Perspectives,” special issue of Telematics and Informatics 19 (May 2002): 67-200; author, “Editorial,” pp. 67-68.

“The Telegraph, Censorship, and Politics at the Outset of the Civil War,” Civil War History 40 (Summer 1994): 95-118.

“Cost Accounting in the Service of Policy Reform: Postal Ratemaking, 1875-1926,” Social Science Quarterly 75 (June 1994): 284-99.  [Article pdf, abstract, keywords]

“Government Goes into Business: Parcel Post in the Nation’s Political Economy, 1880-1915,” Studies in American Political Development 8 (Spring 1994): 150-72.  [Article pdf]

“Rural Ambivalence Toward Mass Society: Evidence from the U.S. Parcel Post Debates, 1900-1913,” Rural History 5 (no. 1, 1994): 81-102.   [Article pdf]

“On Making Connections with Outside Subfields,” American Journalism 10 (Summer-Fall 1993): 31-37.

“Origins of the Junk Mail Controversy: A Media Battle over Advertising and Postal Policy,” Journal of Policy History 5 (no. 2, 1993): 248-72.  [article pdf]

 “Postal Subsidies for the Press and the Business of Mass Culture, 1880-1920,” Business History Review 64 (Autumn 1990): 451-88.   [Article pdf]

“The Media and Reform, 1900-1917,” in William David Sloan and Jim G. Stovall, eds., The Media in America: A History (Worthington, Ohio: Publishing Horizons, 1989), 263-79; 2d ed. (Scottsdale, AZ: Publishing Horizons, 1993), 315-32.

“Mere Merchandise or Vessels of Culture?: Books in the Mail, 1792-1942,” Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America 82 (June 1988): 169-200.  [Article pdf]

Richard B. Kielbowicz and Linda Lawson, “Protecting the Small-Town Press: Community, Social Policy and Postal Privileges, 1845-1970,” Canadian Review of American Studies 19 (Spring 1988): 23-45.   [Article pdf]

Richard B. Kielbowicz and Linda Lawson, “Reduced-Rate Postage for Nonprofit Organizations: A Policy History, Critique and Proposal,” Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy 11 (Spring 1988): 347-406.   [Article pdf]

Linda Lawson and Richard B. Kielbowicz, “Library Materials in the Mail: A Policy History,” Library Quarterly 58 (January 1988): 29-51.   [Article pdf]

"News Gathering by Mail in the Age of the Telegraph: Adapting to a New Technology,” Technology and Culture 28 (January 1987): 26-41.   [Article pdf]

“The Growing Interaction of the Federal Bureaucracy and the Press: The Case of a Postal Rule, 1879-1917,” American Journalism 4 (no. 1, 1987): 5-18.

“Origins of the Second-Class Mail Category and the Business of Policymaking, 1863-1879,” Journalism Monographs, No. 96 (April 1986).   [Article pdf]

Richard B. Kielbowicz and Clifford Scherer, “The Role of the Press in the Dynamics of Social Movements,” Research in Social Movements, Conflicts and Change: A Research Annual, vol. 9 (Greenwich, Conn.: JAI Press, 1986): 71-96.

“Modernization, Communication Policy, and the Geopolitics of News, 1820-1860,” Critical Studies in Mass Communication 3 (March 1986): 21-35.  [Article pdf]

Reprinted in Media Voices: An Historical Perspective, ed. Jean Folkerts (New York: Macmillan, 1992): 128-40.

“Speeding the News by Postal Express, 1825-1861: The Public Policy of Privileges for the Press,” Social Science Journal 22 (January 1985): 49-63.  [Article pdf]  

Mary Cox, Richard B. Kielbowicz, and Clifford Scherer, “Computerization of the Broadcast Newsroom: Implications for Education and Performance,” Feedback 26 (Winter 1984): 7-11.

“The Press, Post Office, and Flow of News in the Early Republic,” Journal of the Early Republic 3 (Fall 1983): 255-80.   [Article pdf]

“Party Press Cohesiveness: Jacksonian Newspapers, 1832,” Journalism Quarterly 60 (Autumn 1983): 518-21.

“Newsgathering by Printers’ Exchanges Before the Telegraph,” Journalism History 9 (Summer 1982): 42-48.  [Article pdf]

“Limits of the Press as an Agent of Reform: Minneapolis, 1900-1905,” Journalism Quarterly 59 (Spring 1982): 21-27, 170.

“Leaks to the Press as Communication Within and Between Organizations,” Newspaper Research Journal 1 (Winter 1980): 53-58.

An expanded and updated version published in Organizational Communication (2d ed.), ed. Sherry Devereaux-Ferguson and Stewart Ferguson (New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Press, 1988): 290-301.

“The Story Behind the Adoption of the Ban on Courtroom Cameras,” Judicature 63 (June-July 1979): 14-23.

“Professional Connections Can Be Detrimental, Too,” Journalism Educator 33 (October 1978): 58-60.

“The Freedom of Information Act and Government’s Corporate Information Files,” Journalism Quarterly 55 (Autumn 1978): 481-86, 526.

“Discrimination or Discriminating Licensing?: FCC Policy and Newspaper Ownership of TV Stations, 1945-1970,” Administrative Law Review 30 (Summer 1978): 423-46.


Technical Reports

“Universal Postal Service in U.S. Communication Policy, 1792-2006,” report commissioned by the National Academy of Sciences, 2008.  [Report pdf]

Universal Postal Service: A Policy History, 1790-1970 (2002), report for Postal Rate Commission (PRC; renamed Postal Regulatory Commission in 2006),  [Report pdf]   Also prepared an executive summary for the President’s Commission on the United States Postal Service, Jan. 24, 2003.

Postal Enterprise: Post Office Innovations with Congressional Constraints, 1789-1970 (2000), report for Postal Rate Commission.   [Report pdf]  Reprinted in E-Commerce Activities of the U.S. Postal Service: Hearings Before the International Security, Proliferation, and Federal Services Subcommittee of the Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs, 106th Cong., 2d sess. (Sen. Hrg. 106-762) (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 2001), 168-247.

A History of Mail Classification and Its Underlying Policies and Purposes (1995), report for PRC, available at http://www.prc.gov/prc-pages/newsroom/TechnicalPapers.aspx?name=KIELBOWICZ; also testified as part of a proceeding, Docket MC95-1, to revise the mail classification structure.

Societal Values That Have Guided the U.S. Communication System: A Short History (1988), report for the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA), U.S. Congress.

The Role of Communication in the Development of Communities and Markets: An Historical Overview (1987), report for OTA, U.S. Congress.

A Policy History of Selected Preferred Mail Categories (1986), report for PRC; published as appendix A in Report to the Congress: Preferred Rate Study (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1986), 1-148.

Development of the Paid Subscriber Rule in Second-Class Mail (1985), report for PRC, available at http://www.prc.gov/prc-pages/newsroom/TechnicalPapers.aspx?name=KIELBOWICZ; also served as a witness for the Commission in Docket C85-2.


Contributions to Reference Works

Entry on “Communication History,” Communication, ed. Patricia Moy, Oxford Bibliographies Online (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011).

Entry on the “Postal Service,” Governing America: Major Policies and Decisions of Federal, State, and Local Government, eds. Paul Quirk and Bill Cunion (New York: Facts on File) (in press).

Entries on “Miami Herald Co. v. Tornillo,” “Nebraska Press Association v. Stuart,” and “Red Lion Broadcasting v. FCC,” Encyclopedia of the Supreme Court of the United States, ed. David S. Tanenhaus (Detroit: Macmillan Reference, 2008), 3:285-86, 375-76, 4:196-97.

Entries on “Amos Kendall,” the “Postal Acts of 1792, 1845, and 1879,” and the “Telegraph,” Encyclopedia of American Journalism History, ed. Stephen L. Vaughn (New York: Routledge, 2008), 240-41, 399-401, 523-26.

Entry on “Postal Service,” Oxford Companion to United States History (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002), 612-13.

Entry of "Post Office and the Media," History of the Mass Media in the United States: An Encyclopedia, ed. Margaret A. Blanchard (Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn, 1998), 524-26.

Entry on “Telegraph,” The Encyclopedia of the United States Congress (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995): 4:1939-40.



“Universal Postal Service: A Policy History to 1971,” presented at the annual meeting of the National Council of Public History, Houston, April 2003.

“Redefining Obscenity as Violence Against Women,” presented at the conference of the Association for Canadian Studies in the United States, Seattle, November 1995.

“Some Technological and Geographic Aspects of Newsgathering, 1820-1860,” presented at the annual meeting of the American Journalism Historians Association, St. Louis, October 1986.

“The Cultural Politics of Information in the Age of Jackson,” presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Historians of the Early American Republic, Indianapolis, July 1984.

Richard B. Kielbowicz and Clifford Scherer, “The Role of the Press in the Dynamics of Social Movements,” presented at the annual meeting of the Western Social Science Association, San Diego, April 1984.

“Magazines and Postal Policy Before the Second-Class Mail Category,” presented to the Magazine Division, Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC), Corvallis, Oregon, August 1983.

“The Eastern Media Establishment: An Enduring Criticism of the Press,” presented at the annual meeting of the Western Social Science Association, Albuquerque, April 1980.

“Leaks to the Press as Communication Within and Between Organizations,” presented to the Qualitative Studies Division, Association for Education in Journalism (AEJ), Houston, August 1979.

Cherie Lewis and Richard Kielbowicz, “Television License Renewal Challenges by Women’s Groups,” presented to the Law Division, AEJ, Houston, August 1979.

“The Making of Canon 35: A Blow to Press-Bar Cooperation,” presented to the Photojournalism Division, AEJ, Houston, August 1979.

“Limits of the Press as an Agent of Reform: Minneapolis, 1900-1905,” presented to the History Division, AEJ, Seattle, August 1978.

“Newspaper Postage, 1792-1845: Rationales for a Privileged Status,” presented to the History Division, AEJ, Madison, Wisconsin, August 1977.

Co-author with Edwin Emery, The Training of Communication Professionals in North America, a study commissioned by UNESCO, 1978.

Book Reviews

For a list of the thirty-five or so book reviews I've written for a variety of social science journals, see book reviews.

Send questions about this workspace to Richard Kielbowicz​.